There are thousands of chili peppers that play an important role in the spice world. They come in all shapes, sizes and colors, and can be found growing in many different parts of the world. Different degrees of heat and spiciness are measured using the Scoville scale.
Pepper Peppadew® piquantè – South Africa
If you’re looking for a sweeter, milder chili that’s perfect for pickling, then Peppadew® Piquantè will be your choice. This chili is grown in the Limpopo province in South Africa and has such a unique taste that the growers have trademarked the name Peppadew®. They look a bit like cherry tomatoes in terms of shape and size, and their spiciness ranges from 1,100 to 1,200 Scoville Heat Units (SHUs), which makes them the perfect chili for a snack.
Jalapeno – Mexico
Jalapeño was grown in the Mexican city of Veracruz but is now widely grown worldwide and used in all manner of cuisines. These peppers are usually green, but if you let them ripen long enough on the plant, you’ll find them red and sweeter. They are a good chili for those who love spiciness but don’t eat very hot, as they are worth between 2,500 and 8,000 SHU. So they are only mildly spicy, not hot, so they are loved by many people.
Poblano – Mexico
Poblano – a chili that is said to be a popular choice from Puebla in Mexico. It is famous for its thick meat. That’s why these peppers are ideal for stuffing inside. Chili peppers will be emerald green at first and then turn ruby red. Chili after being dried has the perfect flavor to make chili sauce. Poblano peppers have a mild to moderate spiciness, ranging from 2,500 to 8,000 SHU.
Lemon chili – Peru
This chili is native to Peru and has a lemony flavor when enjoyed. Its spiciness ranges from 15,000 to 30,000 SHU, so it’s definitely hot, but it’s not as strong as some other chili peppers. Chili limes are very popular in Peru as an addition to the daily meal. The spicy taste of this chili does not last long, you will immediately feel its spiciness before you see the bitter part of the skin.
Isot Chili – Turkey
The rich and unique flavor of Isot peppers, or otherwise known as Urfa biber, has become a favorite spice in cuisines around the world. Isot peppers are grown in the Şanlıurfa region in Southeastern Turkey. Isot chili has a subtle heat and smoke combined with a slight sweetness, but the more you eat it, the more the heat increases. They range from 30,000 to 50,000 SHU, so this chili is a favorite for its relatively low spiciness like Cayenne and Jalapeño peppers.
Fatalii – Central Africa
Fatalii peppers grow to 7.5cm long and are typically deep yellow, although you’ll also find red and white variations. They are grown in Central and South Africa and have intense heat levels. Fatalii peppers make a delicious spicy sauce when fresh, or can be cooked into hot, chewy chili jam. They are said to be 80 times hotter than Jalapeño, typically ranging in spiciness from 125,000 to 325,000 SHU.
Cayenne – Cayenne, French Guiana
Named after the city of Cayenne in French Guiana, where it came from. Cayenne pepper is one of the most widely used chili peppers in the Western Hemisphere. The whole chili is ground into paprika, which is used to season all sorts of foods, from pizza to eggs. Cayenne peppers range from 30,000 to 50,000 SHU and at their hottest are about 10 times hotter than Jalapeño peppers, so be sure to have a glass of water ready if you’re going to eat these peppers.
Pink Tiger – Italy
The pink tiger is known as the rarest chili pepper in the world. They are dark green at first but gradually change to purple and pink patches, you’ll also find them creamy or peachy in color. They were first developed in Italy as a cross between bhut jolokia (ghost peppers) and pimenta da neyde, native to Brazil and have a beautiful deep purple color. The spiciness of this chili is 200,000 to 350,000 SHU, so it will definitely create a relatively large amount of spiciness when enjoyed.
Ghost Chili – Northeast India
Ghost peppers are among the hottest peppers in the world, and are grown in Northeastern India. The Indian Army even uses ghost peppers to create chili grenades. The spiciness of this chili is 1 million SHU and it is the terrible heat that has made some people who dare taste them to be hospitalized. Residents of India have also used ghost peppers to scare away disruptive elephants, smearing them over fences to prevent them from destroying villages and becoming a danger to residents.